Don’t Fall For It!
Source: Senior Health and Wellness Blog
Did you know that one in four older Americans falls every year?
Falls are the leading cause of both fatal and nonfatal injuries for people over 65 years old. Those numbers double for seniors with visual trouble or deficits. This is because visual impairment adversely affects perception of environment and the surrounding elements that can cause a fall.
However, low vision is not the only contributing factor to tumbling over; your overall physique and daily activities play a role too. Understanding the signs and causes of falling is half the battle.
Here are some common factors that can lead to a fall:
- Balance and gait: Loss of coordination, flexibility, and balance is a natural part of aging. This can occur primarily through inactivity, making it easier to fall.
- Vision: In the aging eye, less light reaches the retina, making contrasting edges, tripping hazards, and obstacles harder to see.
- Medications: Some prescriptions and over-the-counter medications can cause dizziness, dehydration or interactions with each other that can lead to a fall.
- Environment: Making modification in your apartment as removing all rugs, bright lights, and pathway obstructions can reduce some risk.
- Chronic conditions: Condition like diabetes, stroke, or arthritis often increase the risk of falling because they result in lost function, inactivity, depression, pain, or multiple medications.